What Carbonation Does To Your Brain

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In the age-old war between soda and diet soda, science is still gathering evidence. (Spoiler alert: we know who wins, and it’s not soda.) Research often focuses on the mode of sweetener: sugar makes us obese while artificial sweeteners increase our risk for stroke and heart attack and both make us more likely to be depressed  But what role does carbonation play?

A new study published in Gastroenterology examined how carbonation changes the way our brains perceive sweetness. The researchers looked at magnetic resonance imaging to see what parts of the brain were lighting up during consumption of diet and regular soda. Here’s what they found: regardless of whether the beverage contained sugar or an artificial sweetener, regions that influence the ways we detect sweetness lit up like crazy. Carbonation, the researchers concluded, might be responsible for leveling the playing field between the sweeteners.

“Carbonation seems to change the way that we detect sweetness,” said Catia Sternini, MD, professor of medicine at UCLA’s David Geffen School of Medicine.“It looks like it tricks the brain.”

That might explain why both camps of fizz fanatics—diet soda and regular—have such strong adherents.

“It has been shown before that the brain actually perceives the sweetness [of sugar and artificial sweeteners] differently, but then the carbonation makes it pleasant,” Dr. Sternini said. “If you feel pleasant, they’re both perceived similarly.”

Researchers can’t yet explain exactly how CO2 manages to pull off this magic trick, but it probably sounds like great news to diet soda drinkers. After all, if carbonation fools your brain into thinking it’s getting sugar, you can guzzle free of calories and guilt.

Then again, this study might also help explain why diet soda consumption is linked to obesity  and metabolic syndrome . “The brain might think that because it doesn’t get enough calories or the carbohydrates it needs for energy, you might feel like you need to eat more,” Dr. Sternini said. “It’s just speculation, but based on all the differences that have been shown, one would think maybe that’s what’s happening.”

What Carbonation Does To Your Brain

image-3088.jpg

In the age-old war between soda and diet soda, science is still gathering evidence. (Spoiler alert: we know who wins, and it’s not soda.) Research often focuses on the mode of sweetener: sugar makes us obese while artificial sweeteners increase our risk for stroke and heart attack and both make us more likely to be depressed  But what role does carbonation play?

A new study published in Gastroenterology examined how carbonation changes the way our brains perceive sweetness. The researchers looked at magnetic resonance imaging to see what parts of the brain were lighting up during consumption of diet and regular soda. Here’s what they found: regardless of whether the beverage contained sugar or an artificial sweetener, regions that influence the ways we detect sweetness lit up like crazy. Carbonation, the researchers concluded, might be responsible for leveling the playing field between the sweeteners.

“Carbonation seems to change the way that we detect sweetness,” said Catia Sternini, MD, professor of medicine at UCLA’s David Geffen School of Medicine.“It looks like it tricks the brain.”

That might explain why both camps of fizz fanatics—diet soda and regular—have such strong adherents.

“It has been shown before that the brain actually perceives the sweetness [of sugar and artificial sweeteners] differently, but then the carbonation makes it pleasant,” Dr. Sternini said. “If you feel pleasant, they’re both perceived similarly.”

Researchers can’t yet explain exactly how CO2 manages to pull off this magic trick, but it probably sounds like great news to diet soda drinkers. After all, if carbonation fools your brain into thinking it’s getting sugar, you can guzzle free of calories and guilt.

Then again, this study might also help explain why diet soda consumption is linked to obesity  and metabolic syndrome . “The brain might think that because it doesn’t get enough calories or the carbohydrates it needs for energy, you might feel like you need to eat more,” Dr. Sternini said. “It’s just speculation, but based on all the differences that have been shown, one would think maybe that’s what’s happening.”

The Republican Party Cannot Stand By And Let Obamacare Destroy This Country

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By John Boehner, Speaker of the House of Representatives

Point

My fellow Americans, as I write this, the United States government is experiencing its first shutdown in 17 years. Democrats are quick to place blame on the Republican Party, and have accused us of taking this country hostage.President Obama has said our attempt to fund the government by defunding Obamacare is an attempt to extract a ransom solely for doing our jobs. He’s likened some members of our party to right-wing fanatics.

But let’s talk about Obamacare.

Three years ago, President Barack Obama passed a disastrous piece of legislation called the Affordable Care Act. He jammed this jobs-killing, deficit-increasing monstrosity through Congress, purely along party lines. And in 2010 the American people spoke loud and clear and elected a new wave of young Republicans to the House, which rejuvenated our party and allowed us to once again become the majority. This fresh crop of eager Republicans was elected to stop this president’s reckless spending and repeal Obamacare.

The American people sent us a clear message: Keep the government out of our health care and save this country.

And that’s what myself and my Republican colleagues are determined to do. Let me be clear: This is President Barack Obama’s government shutdown. This president consistently refuses to negotiate with Republicans about a piece of legislation that is confusing, drastically unpopular with the American people, and poisonous to our way of life.

Instead of coming to the table with Republicans, the president would rather talk to Vladimir Putin or the new president of Iran. Instead of improving the livelihoods of the American people, he would rather resort to name-calling.Instead of having a dialogue, he would rather call members of my party extremists and children and say they are on an ideological crusade. Instead of respecting my viewpoint, he would rather question my leadership and say the tail is wagging the dog.

Is this what people want from their president?

In the past two days, the Republicans in the House have passed numerous bills that would fund the government and get America’s health care system back on the right track. But each bill we pass has been rejected by the president and the Senate without so much as a debate. It seems like the Republican Party and our “team of extremists” are the only ones in Washington actually working to help the American people and get us out of this mess. If the president wishes to end this government shutdown that he created, then he must come to his senses and recognize that the public has spoken and Obamacare must go.

Counterpoint

Help Me

By John Boehner, Speaker of the House of Representatives

Help me. Please, God, help me. I’ve lost control and I need help.

The far right members of my party are insane. I don’t know what they’re thinking, and I don’t want to know because it would be too horrifying. I’ve tried to explain it to them over and over and they don’t listen to me. They don’t listen to anybody. I say to them, nobody wants a government shutdown, Obamacare is the law of the land, the president was reelected and elections have consequences, and we are only in charge of one branch of government.

I say all of that and they just look at me with these cold, dead eyes. Christ, It’s chilling.

Look, these people scare me. They scare all of us. Have you heard them talk? They’re animals, these people. There are only 30 or 40 of them and we outnumber them, but they have so much power, you see? They could end me like that. And they wouldn’t feel a thing because these people do not feel. They are out for blood: my blood, the president’s blood, the blood of any American who doesn’t agree with them.

I hate them. I hate all of them. And yet I also fear them.

I want to admit something: I’ve cried in my office every day for the last month.During this shutdown I’ve sat there, panicked and alone, scared to death about the next thing they’ll make me do. When they knock on my door, my heart stops. What are they going to make me say next? How are they going to force me to embarrass myself next? Did you know I was once known as a relatively moderate, shrewd politician? That was before 2010. Before the horror began.

They haunt my dreams at night. I have this one nightmare where I’m about to ask for a vote on a clean continuing resolution and then one of them—I think it’s Steve King from Iowa—looks at me with this eerie smile and says, “No, John.No you won’t.” And then the rest of them are suddenly standing behind him and they all chant in a chilling monotone, “No, John. No you won’t.” And then I wake up screaming, “No, John!!! No you won’t!!!” and I’m crying, and my wife is crying, and I’ve sweat through my sheets.

Help me. Help me make this end. Don’t reelect these people. Reelect good, normal people and I promise I’ll be a good speaker from now on. I won’t lie down for the president by any stretch of the imagination, but I’ll work with him if it makes sense and I’ll fight him when it makes sense. That’s how it should be. That’s how it will be if you help me destroy this menace.

I know I helped create this monster, and I apologize. I am so, so sorry. I thought I could control it, but I was wrong. I just need your help to defeat it. Will somebody please help me? Please? Please? Anyone?

HELP ME!!!!!!!!!!!

5 ways poor manners can sink your job search

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Manners aren’t just for weddings, fancy restaurants and older relatives. Proper etiquette is essential in every professional interaction, and it’s indispensable when looking for a job.
Even if you think you have good manners, a small slipup or two could be enough to derail your job hunt. Here are five ways poor manners could sink your job search and easy strategies for coming across with class.

1. Only being nice to ‘important’ people. You’re on your best behavior for the hiring manager, but what about everyone else? In a survey by OfficeTeam, 61 percent of executives described their assistant’s opinion as important when evaluating job candidates .

In fact, it’s crucial to be friendly and polite to everyone you encounter during the hiring process. That includes the security guard at the building’s front desk, the HR assistant who called to schedule the meeting and the restaurant staff at a lunchtime interview.

It’s smart to even consider other drivers you encounter on your way to theinterview . You never know if the person you cut off in traffic might follow you into the company’s parking lot — and hold those aggressive driving habits against you.

2. Never saying thanks. You probably know to send the interviewer a thank-you note after meeting with him. But what about the other people who have helped in your job search? It’s crucial to thank references (even if they’re never called), as well as anyone who shares a contact, reviews your résumé or offers job-hunting advice.

Make a habit of sending a sincere thank-you note — email is fine — whenever someone lends a hand. If you asked a colleague out for coffee or lunch to talk jobs, picking up the tab is another way to say thanks. Of course, sometimes the best way to show gratitude is by asking a simple question: How can I return the favor?

3. Failing to be timely. It’s crucial to return all job-hunting related correspondence within 24 hours — 48 hours at the very most. This rule-of-thumb applies to emails, voice mails, social media messages and the like, whether from a potential employer or someone within your network. Dragging your feet could mean a hiring manager bypasses you for another candidate or that someone who went out on a limb to help you will be less willing to do so again.

Keep in mind, though, that, in some cases, you can be too fast. Case in point: thank-you notes. A text sent from the parking lot five minutes after the meeting concludes will come across as insincere and perfunctory. Wait at least a few hours, if not until the next day, to offer a thoughtful thank-you. In a poll of HR managers, more than 80 percent said phone and email were acceptable channels for post-interview follow-up . Only 10 percent deemed texts OK.

4. Committing a digital faux pas Smartphones are only as smart as their owners. And hiring managers have said that a shocking number of job candidates not only leave their phones on during interviews but even answer incoming calls.

Picking up your phone and saying, “I’m in an interview” isn’t a solution. Even nonchalantly ignoring the buzz from your pocket or purse is not ideal. The best course of action is to simply leave your phone in the car.

5. Ignoring social cues. Learning to read body language gives you a big advantage on the job hunt. At networking events and interviews, be alert to signs you’re losing the other person’s interest. She might break eye contact, cross her arms, check the time or start gazing around the room.

At events, graciously offer the other person an easy out with a handshake and “It was so nice to meet you.” When you’re interviewing, kick things into high gear. Raise your energy level and focus on telling stories about your past jobs that really show off your skills.

Social cues also come into play when you ask a colleague for an introduction or reference. Following up once is fine, but if you don’t hear back, assume the other person isn’t comfortable granting the favor and let the matter drop.

By avoiding these five manners traps, you’ll make an impression so good even Miss Manners would approve. Plus, these habits will serve you well long after you’ve accepted a job offer.

DRM Removal: It’s your music, so own it!

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There’s no question that musicians must get paid for their work.  But when you purchase a track or an entire album, you own it and should, therefore, be able to use it as you like – just as long as you remain within the law.  Because the music industry either refuses to understand this or else is just a bunch of morons, using a DRM removal software program is the only alternative.

After testing many DRM removal tools, I’ve finally found the very best one:  DRM Removal.

 

It just works.  In fact, for me, it’s the only DRM removal software that works; the others I’ve tried get very confused with my machine’s drivers and whatever else.  But with this baby, you just install it and…you get the point.

I have a 1TB external drive, and I’ve set the program to store all of my converted music there.  I could also upload it to a cloud service like SafeSync or Amazon’s cloud service.  Then I could stream away.  But, my vehicle’s stereo system has a USB slot to upload from a flashdrive, so I’m not in any rush to start with streaming.

Once your music is converted, you can upload it to your portable media device.  And, you can convert your DRM protected file to many other formats, including mp3.

Check it out at DRM Removal.  Once there, you can download a trial version which gives you ninety seconds of conversion.

We get it: Boston Marathon bombing was terrible

Hey, all you freaks, bad asses, those who are kickin it or whomever have, social agenda whores, apologists, antagonists, trailblazers, the mentally anemic, giants in all areas society, and general-interest motherfuckers:  We got this!  Look, I really appreciate the fact that you care, that you’re sorry, that the Boston Marathon bombing was just so idunno horrible.  We Bostonians thank you very much (and yes, I speak for all us Bostonians – got a problem with that?), but like I said…we’re good.  I’ve spent a lot of time in different cities around the world, and there is none better than Boston – I know this, too, because I grew up here, so you can stop telling me.  I’m also very much aware of euphemisms such as, “the heart of America”, “the Athens of America” as well as the brown-nose accolades:  “Boston’s one of the greatest cities in the world”, “America started in Boston”, “New York City is nice but Boston’s the older brother”, “Boston has the best

  • universities,
  • hospitals,
  • sports teams,”

and everything else.  Yes, we’re wicked cool people.  So thanks for the flowers, the good cheer, even the hugs.  We really do appreciate it.  But now, just go back to making fun of the way we talk, taunting Red Sox fans, spending your money here, even visiting my alma mater across the river (someone in your party will no doubt regale the origin of the bridge’s nickname, Smoot).  Because, people, we’re good.  We’ve got this.  So thanks.

And to all those politicians and human beings involved with the hearings down there in Washington:  Take care of our boy, Davis.  We’re a Commonwealth for a reason!  Ask whatever questions you’d like, but at the end of the day, make sure Davis gets First Class service all around, rely on what Davis tells you is the truth and not political instinct, kick tires, read and review, consult and suppose, reconstruct, limit the argument, limit the scope,  seek out and destroy all mitigating circumstances, ask for best recollections and understand where they’re coming from, step close but not over, smile and shrug.  Defer, understand, recognize, bend.  Go back to, make note of, speculate carefully.  Keep a professional distance, indulge in professional courtesy, acquiesce, demand softly, carefully, and infrequently.  And then return Davis back to us exactly as he’d left.